Raising Successful Offspring by Chinese Middle-Class Parents

Eileen Yuk-ha Tsang, Pak K. Lee
2016 Asian Journal of Social Science  
This article analyses the intergenerational mobility of the Chinese "new middle class" in Shanghai, China. Building on the Bourdieusian concept of social capital, it puts forward a sociocultural approach to explaining the reproduction of the middle class in contemporary urban China. It explores why cultural capital and marketable professional qualification are not enough for younger members of this class to secure their class status and upward mobility. It also discusses how and why the
more » ... and why the pre-reform socialist social institutions of danwei (work unit) and hukou (household registration) continue to play decisive roles in consolidating the middle class' life status in post-reform China. This study finds that middle-class parents capitalise on their accrued and privileged guanxi (interpersonal relationship), built on the socialist social institutions, to help their children find good jobs to maintain their own upward intergenerational mobility.
doi:10.1163/15685314-04401010 fatcat:62rhy46fkzhp3o6pg7c7bdnyqy