Gurevich P.S. The cybernaut as a symbol of the global world
Sententia: European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
PhilosoPhy The cybernaut as a symbol of the global world Gurevich P.s. Creator or creation? Mass information processes of the global world cannot be imagined without a comprehensive philosophicalanthropological theory. Speaking of the «global man», the problem of self-identification in the society of «real virtuality», we cannot construct only a logic of computerized technologies, an impersonal information environment. Discussing any problem of global transformations we continuously come across
... anthropological determinants. Traditional questions of philosophical anthropology: «is man a creator or a creation?», «who or what is the demiurge of the modern world?», «is the human body really the basic foundation of human identification?», «is human nature capable of extreme openness and perpetual transformations?» are topical again. Some modern philosophers, among them V.A. Kutyrev, V.I. Samokhvalova, E.M. Spirova and others express their anxiety about the threat that hangs over mankind as a special kind of being. It is doomed to extinction. This process is especially tragic because human beings are hardly aware of it. Human transformation will occur unnoticed, as in anaesthesia. People are involved in such processes that they have already lost their identity. Having lost his identity, a human being will become different before he knows it. Becoming a «cybernaut», he will painlessly and easily, as if having received a pain-killing injection, will cast off his human body together with that natural inheritance that has called him into existence. Vitality will die off as a relict, the earthly world will lose its tenderness, animatedness. Man-invented technology will celebrate its triumph. «There is no meaningful biopolitics and all processes develop spontaneously. Even cloning, which cancels gender and undermines the whole mechanism of man's development as a living being, has not caused really mass protests and creeps up from animals onto him. With such a reaction to the most impertinent encroachments on his nature we will not even know when we are no more» 1 . This problem becomes especially dramatic because philosophical anthropology, to a known extent, cannot regard such a course of events as perversion, 1 Kutyrev, V.A., 2010. Filosofia transgumanizma [The philosophy of transhumanism]. Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod University, p. 27. Abstract. The author discusses anthropological aspects of modern globalization. He shows that comprehension of global processes requires analysis of the problems of human nature. An attempt is made at creating a generalized image of man that will be a symbol of the nascent world. On the other hand, the author criticizes the projects of deanthropologization, debiologization of man. Traditional questions of philosophical anthropology, such as «is man a creator or a creation?», «who or what is the demiurge of the modern world?», «is the human body really a basis for human identification?», «is human nature capable of extreme openness and infinite transformation?», prove to be topical again. The author uses the method of philosophical anthropology to analyze these problems. He shows that this philosophical trend, for the decades of its existence, has improved its approaches to the issues of philosophical comprehension of man and is based on these original traditions. The novelty of the approach is not related only to restoration of the mystical tradition of remaking man but also to critical consideration of the whole European experience of «reconstruction» of the personality. The article evaluates the technical project of «remaking man» from critical positions, sets forth arguments that permit to rationally approach the problem and its basic foundations.