Association between Periodontitis and Myocardial Infarction: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Gabriel Campos Louzeiro, Gabriela Agne Magnus, Ângela Hamann Baptista, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Rita Mattiello
2021 International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences  
The association between periodontitis and myocardial infarction remains unclear in the literature. Few studies have addressed periodontitis exposure as a predisposing factor for the development of myocardial infarction. Therefore, the present systematic review aims to analyze the association between periodontitis and myocardial infarction. This meta-analysis systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, SCIELO, LILACS, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and grey
more » ... iterature for studies estimating the association between periodontitis and myocardial infarction. Quality of evidence was assessed for all studies. The meta-analysis was conducted using random-effects models. Four of the six studies selected were included in the meta-analysis, including 1,035,703 subjects. The association between periodontitis and myocardial infarction was: RR: 5.99 (95% CI: 1.17-30.68), but with high heterogeneity (I² = 100%; p <0.01). The results including only the highest quality articles, was lower: RR: 2.62 (95% CI: 1.47-4.70 3.83), but with lower heterogeneity (I² = 85.5%; p < 0.01).The present systematic review with meta-analysis showed an association between periodontitis and acute myocardial infarction, but with a high level of heterogeneity.
doi:10.36660/ijcs.20200055 fatcat:yprctjsrvraapjqwucwg2sahri