Size and Thickness Measurement of Polydisperse Clay Samples

B. R. Jennings
1993 Clay minerals  
Measurement of clay particle size invariably presents data in the form of equivalent spherical diameters. For asymmetric particles the equivalent spherical diameter varies with the method of measurement. Based upon an understanding of the theoretical concepts involved, a method has been proposed whereby comparison of data on a given sample from two different techniques can reveal information about the minor dimension of the particle. Theoretical expressions are given for the equivalent
more » ... diameter of cylindrically symmetric rods and discs from which it is shown that some of the existing measurement methods are more dependent upon size than the degree of non-sphericity whilst for others the reverse is true. It is shown how for rods and discs one can obtain information on both an average axial ratio and the distribution of this parameter for heterogeneous samples. Illustrated data are given for three kaolin samples. Far from showing inconsistency between the variable spherical diameters yielded by different instruments, the data produce compatible size and thickness parameters which match those observed in supplementary, unreported electron microscope experiments. A method of measuring particle major and minor parameter distributions is indicated.
doi:10.1180/claymin.1993.028.4.01 fatcat:nfon7pd775gldnqqiw5rdp5hl4