FITTING FFT-DERIVED SPECTRA: THEORY, TOOL, AND APPLICATION TO SOLAR RADIO SPIKE DECOMPOSITION

Gelu M. Nita, Gregory D. Fleishman, Dale E. Gary, William Marin, Kristine Boone
2014 Astrophysical Journal  
Spectra derived from fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis of time-domain data intrinsically contain statistical fluctuations whose distribution depends on the number of accumulated spectra contributing to a measurement. The tail of this distribution, which is essential for separation of the true signal from the statistical fluctuations, deviates noticeably from the normal distribution for a finite number of the accumulations. In this paper we develop a theory to properly account for the
more » ... ical fluctuations when fitting a model to a given accumulated spectrum. The method is implemented in software for the purpose of automatically fitting a large body of such FFT-derived spectra. We apply this tool to analyze a portion of a dense cluster of spikes recorded by our FST instrument during a record-breaking event that occurred on 06 Dec 2006. The outcome of this analysis is briefly discussed.
doi:10.1088/0004-637x/789/2/152 fatcat:fsxoao4syrbbjdyrxz4xa3jvzm