Academic procrastination and its consequences for daily school preparation and anxiety: A diary study among elementary school students

Maria Polaki, Eirini Markoulaki, Despoina Xanthopoulou, Panagiotis Simos
The present quantitative diary study examines whether trait academic procrastination shapes the way students perceive their daily academic workload and, in turn, their state (i.e., daily) academic procrastination. This process was expected to determine the extent to which students are satisfied with their preparation for the next day at school and consequently, their anxiety levels at the end of the day. Forty-four elementary school students completed a questionnaire and a diary for five
more » ... ary for five consecutive days over a school week. Results of multilevel analyses confirmed the study hypotheses. Specifically, the positive relationship between trait and state procrastination was supported, while academic workload was found to mediate this relationship. Additionally, daily academic procrastination associated positively to anxiety at the end of the day through its negative link with students' satisfaction with preparation for the next school day. These findings suggest that even students high in trait academic procrastination exhibit significant within-person variations in daily procrastination, satisfaction with their preparation for the next day at school and anxiety at the end of the day. These daily variations are explained by the daily level of perceived academic workload.