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Using an inflow-outflow numerical model, the authors demonstrate that the existence of Koshu Seamount, located about 200 km to the south of Cape Shiono-misaki, is essential in creating the large meander (LM) of the Kuroshio. When Koshu Seamount is completely smoothed out, the meander trough propagates away without being amplified to form the LM. In contrast, nearly the same LM as in the case with full topography is formed when the foot of Koshu Seamount remains without being smoothed out anddoi:10.1175/jpo-d-11-074.1 fatcat:vgd7ygjvjzel7luq5aitxtq45a