M. G. Lazzaroni, C. Campochiaro, E. Marasco, J. De Vries-Bouwstra, F. Franceschini, F. Del Galdo, C. Denton, L. Cavagna, O. Distler, Y. Allanore, P. Airò
2020 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  
Background:The main clinical associations of anti-PM/Scl in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) so far reported include calcinosis, myositis and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Nevertheless, data regarding the long-term outcome of ILD in these patients are lacking. A single centre Spanish cohort reported a better functional outcome in 14 SSc-ILD patients anti-Pm/Scl+ as compared to 49 anti-Topo I after a mean follow-up of 7 years (1).Objectives:To analyze the long-term outcome of ILD in a large
more » ... n a large multicentre EUSTAR study dedicated to anti-Pm/Scl SSc patients.Methods:A case-control study within the EUSTAR cohort collected 165 anti-PM/Scl+ SSc cases and 257 anti-PM/Scl- SSc controls, matched for sex, cutaneous subset, disease duration, and age at onset. Data for ILD at HRCT were available for 162/165 cases and 249/257 controls. Data for pulmonary function tests (PFT) at the baseline (T0), 1 year after diagnosis (T1) and at the last visit (LV) were analyzed.Results:A significantly higher frequency of ILD was reported in anti-Pm/Scl+ cases vs anti-Pm/Scl- controls (62.3% vs 39.4%, p:<0.0001, OR 95%, CI 2.55, 1.70-3.83). Complete PFTs data were available for 81/101 ILD anti-Pm/Scl+ cases and 78/98 anti-Pm/Scl- ILD controls, with similar age at onset and female/male ratio and disease duration at LV (112±81 months vs. 115±64 months, p:0.77). Diffuse cutaneous involvement was less frequent in cases than in controls (27.2% vs. 44.9%, p:0.03).In ILD cases, %pFVC tended to improve from T0 (85.1±18.3) to T1 (89.5±16.5, p:0.045) and to LV (87.9±16.9, p:0.057), while in ILD controls remained stable from T0 (90.4±18.5) to T1 (91.1±16.5, p:0.38) and significantly declined to LV (85.0±18.0, p:0.0002). %pDLCO remained stable from T0 (60.5±16.8) to T1 (60.1±17.6, p:0.87) and to LV (60.4±16.9, p:0.77) in ILD cases, while significantly declined from T0 (67.0±18.9) to T1 (62.7±18.2, p:0.0016) and to LV (59.6±18.4, p<0.0001) in the control group. Mean %pFVC and %pDLCO at the 3 time points were not significantly different between the two groups.Delta %pFVC (LV-T0) was 2.85±11.3 for the anti-Pm/Scl+ group vs -5.42±13.4 in the control group (p:0.0004) with a significant smaller proportion of patients with FVC loss ≥10% from T0 to LV in the anti-PM/Scl group (12.3% vs. 39.7%, p:0.0001). Delta %pDLCO (LV-T0) was -0.13±10.8 for the anti-PM/Scl+ group vs -7.38±14.6 in the control group (p:0.0015), with a significant smaller proportion of patients with DLCO loss ≥10% from T0 to LV in the anti-PM/Scl+ group (13.6% vs. 42.3%, p<0.0001).Conclusion:In this multicenter real-life study, the long-term pulmonary functional outcome in SSc-ILD patients with anti-Pm/Scl positivity seems to be more favorable than in patients without anti-Pm/Scl antibodies.References:[1]Guillen-Del Castillo A, Semin Arthritis Rheum 2014, 44 (3), 331-7.Disclosure of Interests: :Maria Grazia Lazzaroni: None declared, Corrado Campochiaro Speakers bureau: Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, GSK, SOBI, Emiliano Marasco: None declared, Jeska de Vries-Bouwstra: None declared, Franco Franceschini: None declared, Francesco Del Galdo: None declared, Christopher Denton Grant/research support from: GlaxoSmithKline, CSL Behring, and Inventiva, Consultant of: Medscape, Roche-Genentech, Actelion, GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi Aventis, Inventiva, CSL Behring, Boehringer Ingelheim, Corbus Pharmaceuticals, Acceleron, Curzion and Bayer, Lorenzo Cavagna: None declared, Oliver Distler Grant/research support from: Grants/Research support from Actelion, Bayer, Boehringer Ingelheim, Competitive Drug Development International Ltd. and Mitsubishi Tanabe; he also holds the issued Patent on mir-29 for the treatment of systemic sclerosis (US8247389, EP2331143)., Consultant of: Consultancy fees from Actelion, Acceleron Pharma, AnaMar, Bayer, Baecon Discovery, Blade Therapeutics, Boehringer, CSL Behring, Catenion, ChemomAb, Curzion Pharmaceuticals, Ergonex, Galapagos NV, GSK, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Inventiva, Italfarmaco, iQvia, medac, Medscape, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma, MSD, Roche, Sanofi and UCB, Speakers bureau: Speaker fees from Actelion, Bayer, Boehringer Ingelheim, Medscape, Pfizer and Roche, Yannick Allanore Grant/research support from: BMS, Inventiva, Roche, Sanofi, Consultant of: Actelion, Bayer AG, BMS, BI, Paolo Airò: None declared
doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-eular.4890 fatcat:n335mij5vre7ngncraizjelhoi