The effect of benzocaine and ketoprofen gels on pain during fixed orthodontic appliance treatment: a randomised, double-blind, crossover trial

Ladan Eslamian, Ali Borzabadi-Farahani, Hadi Gholami
2021 Australasian Orthodontic Journal  
To compare the analgesic effect of topical benzocaine (5%) and ketoprofen (1.60 mg/mL) after 2 mm activation of 7 mm long delta loops used for maxillary en-masse orthodontic space closure. Subjects and methods: Twenty patients (seven males, 13 females, 15-25 years of age, mean age of 19.5 years) participated in a randomised crossover, double-blind trial. After appliance activation, participants were instructed to use analgesic gels and record pain perception at 2, 6, 24 hours and 2, 3 and 7
more » ... (at 18.00 hrs), using a visual analogue scale ruler (VAS, 0-4). Each patient received all three gels (benzocaine, ketoprofen, and a control (placebo)) randomly, but at three different appliance activation visits following a wash-over gap of one month. After the first day, the patients were instructed to repeat gel application twice a day at 10:00 and 18:00 hrs for three days. The recorded pain scores were subjected to non-parametric analysis. Results: The highest pain was recorded at 2 and 6 hours. Pain scores were significantly different between the three groups (Kruskal-Wallis test, p < 0.01). The overall mean (SD) pain scores for the benzocaine 5%, ketoprofen, and control (placebo) groups were 0.89 (0.41), 0.68 (0.34), and 1.15 (0.81), respectively. The pain scores were significantly different between the ketoprofen and control groups (mean difference = 0.47, p = 0.005). All groups demonstrated significant differences in pain scores at the six different time intervals (p < 0.05) and there was no gender difference (p > 0.05). Conclusion: A significant pain reduction was observed following the use of ketoprofen when tested against a control gel (placebo). The highest pain scores were experienced in patients administered the placebo and the lowest scores in patients who applied ketoprofen gel. Benzocaine had an effect mid-way between ketoprofen and the placebo. The highest pain scores were recorded 2 hours following force application, which decreased to the lowest scores after 7 days.
doi:10.21307/aoj-2020-114 fatcat:6vycdsi7fzb5xa2xctjh3fgbu4