The Role of Ninjurin1 and Its Impact beyond the Nervous System

Ke Liu, Yong Wang, Hongge Li
2021 Developmental Neuroscience  
Ninjurin1 (Ninj1) is a double-transmembrane cell surface protein that could promote nerve regeneration in the process of the peripheral nervous system injury and repairment. Nonetheless, the accurate function of Ninj1 in the central nervous system and outside the nervous system is not completely clear. According to the recent studies, we found that Ninj1 is also aberrantly expressed in various pathophysiological processes in vivo, including inflammation, tumorigenesis, and vascular, bone, and
more » ... scle homeostasis. These findings suggest that Ninj1 may play an influential role during these pathophysiological processes. Our review summarizes the diverse roles of Ninj1 in multiple pathophysiological processes inside and outside the nervous system. Ninj1 should be considered as an important and novel therapeutic target in certain diseases, such as inflammatory diseases and ischemic diseases. Our study provided a better understanding of Ninj1 in different pathophysiological processes and thereby provided the theoretical support for further research.
doi:10.1159/000512222 pmid:33657559 fatcat:76jwb5wpezab3epmt4s4ssir7i