Steps Toward a Clinically Relevant Science of Interventions in Pediatric Settings: Introduction to the Special Issue

D. Drotar
2001 Journal of Pediatric Psychology  
of pediatric populations. In this regard, the Journal of Pediatric Psychology's (JPP) highly successful series on empirically supported treatments has been an important impetus. On the other hand, given the focus of this series, it is not surprising that most of the reviewed studies have focused on the efficacy of research-based interventions rather than the effectiveness of clinical care as currently delivered by pediatric psycholo-Objective: To describe methods and strategies to advance the
more » ... es to advance the science of interventions in pediatric psychology. Methods: We consider the advantages of various strategies to develop and extend the applications of intervention research in pediatric practice settings. Results : Strategies are needed to enhance application of empirically supported interventions to pediatric settings, including testing the generalizability of empirically supported interventions in clinical samples, developing interventions based on clinical experience and tested in controlled clinical trials, designing program evaluations in the context of practice settings, and conducting case studies and series. Critical next steps in intervention research include documenting the clinical significance of interventions, conducting multisite research concerning interventions, including interventions conducted in clinical settings, and implementing integrated clinical intervention and research. Training in empirically supported treatments and intervention research and developing policy related to intervention research would also promote a clinically relevant scientific agenda concerning intervention research with pediatric populations. Conclusions: Pediatric psychologists have the opportunity to develop a clinically relevant science of interventions in pediatric settings by using multiple methods and strategies. The science related to psychological interventions with pediatric populations is now at a crossroads representing the emerging maturity of the field: on the one hand, there is a growing body of scientific information concerning the efficacy of psychological interventions that have been used with a range
doi:10.1093/jpepsy/26.7.385 pmid:11553693 fatcat:rejnf5s4avdmjnohtlgqzaxm4y