Yeast 1,3-β-Glucan Synthase Activity Is Inhibited by Phytosphingosine Localized to the Endoplasmic Reticulum

Mitsuhiro Abe, Ikuo Nishida, Masayo Minemura, Hiroshi Qadota, Yousuke Seyama, Takahide Watanabe, Yoshikazu Ohya
2001 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
1,3-␤-D-Glucan, a major filamentous component of the cell wall in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is synthesized by 1,3-␤-glucan synthase (GS). Although a yeast gene whose product is required for GS activity in vitro, GNS1, was isolated and characterized, its role in GS function has remained unknown. In the current study we show that ⌬gns1 cells accumulate a non-competitive and non-proteinous inhibitor(s) in the membrane fraction. Investigations of inhibitory activity on GS revealed
more » ... that the inhibitor(s) is mainly present in the sphingolipid fraction. It is shown that ⌬gns1 cells contain phytosphingosine (PHS), an intermediate in the sphingolipid biosynthesis, 30-fold more than wild-type cells do. The membrane fraction isolated from ⌬sur2 cells contains an increased amount of dihydrosphingosine (DHS) and also exhibits reduced GS activity. Among constituents of the sphingolipid fraction, PHS and DHS show striking inhibition in a non-competitive manner. The intracellular level of DHS is much lower than that of PHS in wild-type cells, suggesting that PHS is the primary inhibitor of GS in vivo. The localization of PHS to the endoplasmic reticulum in wild-type cells coincides with that of the inhibitor(s) in ⌬gns1 cells. Taken together, our results indicate that PHS is a potent inhibitor of yeast GS in vivo.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m102179200 pmid:11337502 fatcat:tqakg5c3jvfdnfsy7n5iz53hpa