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In this paper, a transient Finite Element (FE) method has been employed to solve the transport equations to investigate the heat transfer and fluid flow and the effect of thermodiffusion on vertical solidification of a binary molten metal alloy, forming a rod. The binary system considered in this study is Sn-Bi composed of 65% Sn and 35% Bi subjected to bottom cooling. It is found that the flow of molten metal at the boundary of the mushy region plays an important role in the shape and geometrydoi:10.1016/j.jestch.2015.09.007 fatcat:mculr5xh45ca7ntot73nhnqf74