The effects of service recovery on consumer satisfaction: a comparison between complainants and non‐complainants
Journal of Services Marketing
Purpose -The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effects of service recovery on customer satisfaction. Specifically, it examines the perception of "justice" in service recovery and how it affects the level of satisfaction and behavioral outcomes. In addition, the study also explores whether the "recovery paradox" exists. Design/methodology/approach -Data were collected through a survey using a structured questionnaire. The 428 respondents were analyzed according to whether
... ding to whether they did or did not make a complaint to the service providers. Findings -The findings showed that the complainants' level of satisfaction with service recovery was significantly affected by perceived justice. The behavioral outcomes of the complainants in terms of trust, word-of-mouth (WOM) and loyalty were also found to be affected by their satisfaction with the service recovery. T-tests confirmed that the levels of trust, WOM and loyalty were significantly higher for those respondents who were satisfied with the service recovery compared with those who were dissatisfied. Further t-tests also indicated that respondents who were initially satisfied with the service expressed greater trust and positive WOM compared with the satisfied complainants. Finally, the study showed that dissatisfied complainants would exhibit a lower level of trust and were more likely to engage in negative word-of-mouth behavior compared with those who were dissatisfied initially but chose not to complain. Practical implications -The findings in this paper confirmed the importance of perceived justice in service recovery. Satisfaction with service recovery also leads to a higher level of trust, positive word-of-mouth behavior and, to a lesser extent, the level of loyalty. Finally, the lack of support of the "recovery paradox" effect suggests that successful service recovery alone would not bring customer satisfaction to pre-service failure levels. It is therefore essential to provide service right at the first time. Originality/value -This is a new study on the service provided by mobile phone service providers in an Asian environment. It also reinforces the important of perceive justice in service recovery and debunks the existence of the "recovery paradox" effect.