Body-fin interference on the Magnus effect of spinning projectile in supersonic flows

Jintao Yin, Xiaosheng Wu, Juanmian Lei
2017 Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics  
The numerical simulations of flow over a spinning finned projectile at angles of attack ranging from 4 • to 30.3 • in supersonic conditions were carried out to investigate the flow mechanism of the Magnus effect. The finite volume method, a dual-time stepping method, and a γ − Re θ transition model were combined to solve the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations. The validation of temporal resolution, grid independence, and turbulence models were conducted for the accuracy of the
more » ... rical method. The numerical results were in certain agreement with archival experimental data. A comparison of the transient lateral force and time-averaged Magnus force between the body of finned projectile and the nonfinned body, the projectile fin and single fin was given. The key lies in the analysis of the reasons for the production of the Magnus force. The simulation provided a profound insight into the flow structure and revealed the following. The fin leading edge shock contributes to the unsteady interference on body lateral force, while the time-averaged body Magnus force is similar to that of the nonfinned body. At α = 30.3 • , the shielding effect of body on crossflow weakens the time-averaged body Magnus force induced by asymmetrical flow separation, the magnitude of which is reduced to the value at α = 8 • . The leeward separation vortices and the resistance on wingroot flow are responsible for the nonlinear interference of the projectile body on fin Magnus force at different angles of attack. When the low pressure region of the vortex core is equivalent to the size and position of fin, leeward separation vortices contribute more the time-averaged Magnus force and induce high frequency variation to the transient fin lateral force. ARTICLE HISTORY
doi:10.1080/19942060.2017.1319878 fatcat:ezfnjklo5zhf3mendf33lu2sju