Transmit Diversity Versus Opportunistic Beamforming in Data Packet Mobile Downlink Transmission

Mari Kobayashi, Giuseppe Caire, David Gesbert
2007 IEEE Transactions on Communications  
We compare space-time coding (transmit diversity) and random "opportunistic" beamforming in a space-division multiple access/time-division multiple access single-cell downlink system with random packet arrivals, correlated block-fading channels, and non-perfect channel state information at the transmitter due to a feedback delay. Our comparison is based on system stability. The ability of accurately predicting the channel signal-to-noise ratio dominates the performance of opportunistic
more » ... ortunistic beamforming, even under the optimistic assumption that the sequence of beamforming matrices is perfectly known a priori by the receivers. Our results show that the relative merit of opportunistic beamforming versus space-time coding strongly depends on the channel Doppler bandwidth. Therefore, previous naive conclusions on the fact that transmit diversity always hurts the system performance under multiuser-diversity scheduling should be taken with great care. Index Terms-Non-perfect channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT), opportunistic beamforming, space-time coding (STC), stability.
doi:10.1109/tcomm.2006.885090 fatcat:hkb236gxqjfm7gqb3eth5xh2ia