Peer Review #1 of "Subjective assessment for super recognition: an evaluation of self-report methods in civilian and police participants (v0.1)" [peer_review]

D White
2019 unpublished
Metacognition about face recognition has been much discussed in the psychological literature. In particular, the use of self-report to identify people with prosopagnosia ("face blindness") has contentiously been debated. However, no study to date has specifically assessed metacognition at the top end of the spectrum. If people with exceptionally proficient face recognition skills ("super-recognizers", SRs) have greater insight into their abilities, self-report instruments may offer an efficient
more » ... offer an efficient means of reducing candidate lists in SR screening programmes. Here, we developed a "super-recognizer questionnaire" (SRQ), calibrated using a top-end civilian sample (Experiment 1). We examined its effectiveness in identifying SRs in pools of police (Experiment 2) and civilian (Experiment 3) participants, using objective face memory and matching tests. Moderate effect sizes in both samples suggest limited insight into face memory and target-present face matching ability, whereas the only predictor of target-absent matching performance across all samples was the number of years that an officer had been in the police force. Because the SRQ and single-item ratings showed little sensitivity in discriminating SRs from typical perceivers in police officers and civilians, we recommend against the use of self-report instruments in SR screening programmes. PeerJ reviewing PDF | Abstract 28 29 Metacognition about face recognition has been much discussed in the psychological 30 literature. In particular, the use of self-report to identify people with prosopagnosia ("face 31 blindness") has contentiously been debated. However, no study to date has specifically 32 assessed metacognition at the top end of the spectrum. If people with exceptionally proficient 33 face recognition skills ("super-recognizers", SRs) have greater insight into their abilities, self-34 report instruments may offer an efficient means of reducing candidate lists in SR screening 35 programmes. Here, we developed a "super-recognizer questionnaire" (SRQ), calibrated using 36 a top-end civilian sample (Experiment 1). We examined its effectiveness in identifying SRs 37 in pools of police (Experiment 2) and civilian (Experiment 3) participants, using objective 38 face memory and matching tests. Moderate effect sizes in both samples suggest limited 39 insight into face memory and target-present face matching ability, whereas the only predictor 40 of target-absent matching performance across all samples was the number of years that an 41 officer had been in the police force. Because the SRQ and single-item ratings showed little 42 sensitivity in discriminating SRs from typical perceivers in police officers and civilians, we 43 recommend against the use of self-report instruments in SR screening programmes. 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 PeerJ reviewing PDF |
doi:10.7287/peerj.6330v0.1/reviews/1 fatcat:35t4exk5encujd3qnyjpu3wsyi