Thermodynamic instabilities in one-dimensional particle lattices: A finite-size scaling approach

Nikos Theodorakopoulos
2003 Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics  
One-dimensional thermodynamic instabilities are phase transitions not prohibited by Landau's argument, because the energy of the domain wall (DW) which separates the two phases is infinite. Whether they actually occur in a given system of particles must be demonstrated on a case-by-case basis by examining the (non-) analyticity properties of the corresponding transfer integral (TI) equation. The present note deals with the generic Peyrard-Bishop model of DNA denaturation. In the absence of
more » ... the absence of exact statements about the spectrum of the singular TI equation, I use Gauss-Hermite quadratures to achieve a single-parameter-controlled approach to rounding effects; this allows me to employ finite-size scaling concepts in order to demonstrate that a phase transition occurs and to derive the critical exponents.
doi:10.1103/physreve.68.026109 pmid:14525051 fatcat:kz4wvsv2ibfwphlvjt3beaeh5e