Cephalometric features of skeletal Class I, II and III (A comparative study)

Saad Gasgoos, Ne'am Al-Saleem, Khawla Awni
2007 Al-Rafidain Dental Journal  
Aims: To identify the cephalometric features of three skeletal jaw relations (Class I, II and III). Materials and methods: one hundred thirty four students were selected aged 12-15 years from secondary schools in Mosul City, 45 with Class I normal occlusion as control, 44 with Class II malocclusion and 45 with Class III malocclusion, after taking the lateral cephalometric radiographs according to ANB angle. A 20 variables (12 angular and 8 linear) were used in this study to correlate these
more » ... orrelate these variables in the three skeletal Classes. Results: No significant sex differences were observed for the majority of angular and linear measurements for the three skeletal types. Anterior cranial base length (S-N) and saddle angle (NSAr) didn't show significant difference among the three skeletal Classes, the posterior cranial base (S-Ar) was shorter in Class III which indicate the anterior articulation of the mandible. The length of maxillary base (ANS-PNS) was longer in Class II than Class I and III which lead to maxillary prognathism. The body length of the mandible (Go-Pog),effective mandibular length (Ar-Gn) and lower anterior face height was significantly longer in Class III are concentrated with in the maxillary and mandibular bases in both the anteroposterior and vertical dimensions and their type of articulation. The dental measurements appear to be compensated with that of skeletal one. Also these variables showed no significant sex differences in the majority of their measurements.
doi:10.33899/rden.2007.8956 fatcat:taqigi7xm5fgvo7fd2dllnp6gq