Study Of Life Quality Indicators Influence On Rural Population Migration
The problem of life quality and, the current life conditions impact on the rural population redistribution in the region is studied. Rural working age population migration growth (decline) and intraregional migration in rural areas are examined. Using empirical data for Krasnoyarsk region municipal districts rural territories, selected indicators of life quality affecting the rural residents migration are defined. To determine the causal relationships between life quality and migration the
... migration the method of constructing a decision tree for the machine learning algorithm C4.5 was used. The main reasons for rural residents migration of working age are seeking work (without reference to specific income), housing improvement (the desire to achieve minimum compliance with city housing and welfare standards), and health maintenance. Intra-regional migration of rural areas influences the rural economy state, the infrastructural development level, and the health service situation. The threshold values of life quality individual indicators making rural areas attractive for migration in the current socio-economic conditions are identified. The unemployment rate should be less than 6.2%, the share of the housing stock equipped with sewage system needs to be more than 40.86%, the share of residential fund wear more than 65% and should not exceed 40.4%, the share of paved roads in total road length needs to be more than 64.65%, gross municipal product per capita should be above 148.5 thousand rubles, and the number of newly registered diseases cases per 1000 people -below 322.6.