Magnetic and structural properties of fcc/hcp bi-crystalline multilayer Co nanowire arrays prepared by controlled electroplating

K. R. Pirota, F. Béron, D. Zanchet, T. C. R. Rocha, D. Navas, J. Torrejón, M. Vazquez, M. Knobel
2011 Journal of Applied Physics  
We report on the structural and magnetic properties of crystalline bi-phase Co nanowires, electrodeposited into the pores of anodized alumina membranes, as a function of their length. Co nanowires present two different coexistent crystalline structures (fcc and hcp) that can be controlled by the time of pulsed electrodeposition. The fcc crystalline phase grows at the early stage and is present at the bottom of all the nanowires, strongly influencing their magnetic behavior. Both structural and
more » ... oth structural and magnetic characterizations indicate that the length of the fcc phase is constant at around 260-270 nm. X-ray diffraction measurements revealed a strong preferential orientation (texture) in the (1 0-1 0) direction for the hcp phase, which increases the nanowire length as well as crystalline grain size, degree of orientation, and volume fraction of oriented material. The first-order reversal curve (FORC) method was used to infer both qualitatively and quantitatively the complex magnetization reversal of the nanowires. Under the application of a magnetic field parallel to the wires, the magnetization reversal of each region is clearly distinguishable; the fcc phase creates a high coercive contribution without an interaction field, while the hcp phase presents a smaller coercivity and undergoes a strong antiparallel interaction field from neighboring wires.
doi:10.1063/1.3553865 fatcat:k5qyhasfc5gyxjnipb5ier5ggy