Clinical Differences of Insomnia Subtype According to Actigraphy Based Objective Short Sleep, Subjective Short Sleep, and Normal Sleep

Su Jung Choi, Hyunjin Jo, Eun Yeon Joo
2022 Journal of Sleep Medicine  
Objectives: This study aims to examine the clinical differences between objective short sleep insomniacs (OSSI) and subjective short sleep insomniacs (SSSI). Methods: We enrolled 79 patients (aged 27–74 years) with chronic insomnia disorder (CID) who underwent overnight polysomnography (PSG) and completed sleep-related questionnaires as well as habitual sleep time. All of them completed actigraphy (ACT) recording for one week prior to the PSG study. Objective sleep duration for one-week average
more » ... sleep was calculated by ACT, and subjective sleep duration was counted through self-reported habitual sleep time. We divided the subjects into three groups; OSSI (<6 h/night), SSSI (objective sleep ≥6 h/night and subjective sleep <6 h/ night), and normal sleep duration insomniacs (NSDI, subjective sleep ≥6 h/night). Results: The three groups namely OSSI, SSSI, and NSDI had 25 (31.6%), 36 (45.6%), and 18 (22.8%) subjects, respectively. The SSSI were significantly older and had higher daytime sleepiness than the OSSI. According to the PSG results, the OSSI showed shorter sleep latency (11.86 min vs. 39.69 min) and N2 sleep % (59.43% vs. 67.96%), and longer rapid eye movement sleep % (20.79% vs. 15.47%) than that in the NSDI. There was no difference in treatment response between groups. Conclusions: 45.6% of CID patients underestimated their sleep relative to objective sleep. However, there were no differences in total sleep time on PSG between groups. The OSSI showed younger age and more daytime sleepiness, and the SSSI showed poorer sleep quality than the NSDI. These findings suggest that long-term ACT recording in a casual environment would be useful to monitor objective sleep in patients with CID, particularly, in subjectively short sleep insomniacs.
doi:10.13078/jsm.220001 fatcat:amn34csufndcllxq7n4zmz6dwu