Detection and assessment of Parkinson's disease based on gait analysis: A survey

Yao Guo, Jianxin Yang, Yuxuan Liu, Xun Chen, Guang-Zhong Yang
2022 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
Neurological disorders represent one of the leading causes of disability and mortality in the world. Parkinson's Disease (PD), for example, affecting millions of people worldwide is often manifested as impaired posture and gait. These impairments have been used as a clinical sign for the early detection of PD, as well as an objective index for pervasive monitoring of the PD patients in daily life. This review presents the evidence that demonstrates the relationship between human gait and PD,
more » ... illustrates the role of different gait analysis systems based on vision or wearable sensors. It also provides a comprehensive overview of the available automatic recognition systems for the detection and management of PD. The intervening measures for improving gait performance are summarized, in which the smart devices for gait intervention are emphasized. Finally, this review highlights some of the new opportunities in detecting, monitoring, and treating of PD based on gait, which could facilitate the development of objective gait-based biomarkers for personalized support and treatment of PD.
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2022.916971 pmid:35992585 pmcid:PMC9382193 fatcat:pmugk3unr5g3vktd4e5g73usza