Human Cdt1 Lacking the Evolutionarily Conserved Region That Interacts with MCM2–7 Is Capable of Inducing Re-replication

Jamie K. Teer, Anindya Dutta
2008 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Replication initiation must be a carefully regulated process to avoid genomic instability caused by aberrant replication. In eukaryotic cells, distinct steps of protein loading (origin licensing) and replication activation are choreographed such that a cell can replicate only once per cell cycle. The first proteins recruited to the origins form the pre-replication complex. Of these proteins, Cdt1 is of interest, as it is the focus of several pathways to control replication initiation. It is
more » ... aded by two different pathways, mediated by the interaction of Cdt1 with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) or with cyclin-Cdk2 and inhibited by geminin once cells are in S-phase, presumably to prevent reloading of pre-replication complexes once S-phase has begun. Although the requirement of Cdt1 in loading MCM2-7 is known, the mechanism by which overexpressed Cdt1 stimulates re-replication is unclear. In this study we have designed various mutations in Cdt1 to determine which portion of Cdt1 is important for re-replication, providing insight into possible mechanisms. Surprisingly, we found that mutants of Cdt1 that do not interact with MCM2-7 are able to induce rereplication when overexpressed. The re-replication is not due to titration of geminin from endogenous Cdt1 and is not accompanied by stabilization of endogenous Cdt1. Additionally, the N-terminal one-third of Cdt1 is sufficient to induce re-replication. The N terminus contains the PCNA-and cyclin-interacting motifs, and deletion of both motifs simultaneously in the overexpressed Cdt1 prevents re-replication. These findings suggest that exogenous Cdt1 induces re-replication by de-repressing endogenous Cdt1 through the titration of PCNA and cyclin.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m708767200 pmid:18184650 fatcat:aqhhpd72szek5o6papphilyv2a