Hybrid Assembly Path Planning for Complex Products by Reusing a Priori Data

Guodong Yi, Chuanyuan Zhou, Yanpeng Cao, Hangjian Hu
2021 Mathematics  
Assembly path planning (APP) for complex products is challenging due to the large number of parts and intricate coupling requirements. A hybrid assembly path planning method is proposed herein that reuses a priori paths to improve the efficiency and success ratio. The assembly path is initially segmented to improve its reusability. Subsequently, the planned assembly paths are employed as a priori paths to establish an a priori tree, which is expanded according to the bounding sphere of the part
more » ... sphere of the part to create the a priori space for path searching. Three rapidly exploring random tree (RRT)-based algorithms are studied for path planning based on a priori path reuse. The RRT* algorithm establishes the new path exploration tree in the early planning stage when there is no a priori path to reuse. The static RRT* (S-RRT*) and dynamic RRT* (D-RRT*) algorithms form the connection between the exploration tree and the a priori tree with a pair of connection points after the extension of the exploration tree to a priori space. The difference between the two algorithms is that the S-RRT* algorithm directly reuses an a priori path and obtains a new path through static backtracking from the endpoint to the starting point. However, the D-RRT* algorithm further extends the exploration tree via the dynamic window approach to avoid collision between an a priori path and obstacles. The algorithm subsequently obtains a new path through dynamic and non-continuous backtracking from the endpoint to the starting point. A hybrid process combining the RRT*, S-RRT*, and D-RRT* algorithms is designed to plan the assembly path for complex products in several cases. The performances of these algorithms are compared, and simulations indicate that the S-RRT* and D-RRT* algorithms are significantly superior to the RRT* algorithm in terms of the efficiency and success ratio of APP. Therefore, hybrid path planning combining the three algorithms is helpful to improving the assembly path planning of complex products.
doi:10.3390/math9040395 fatcat:pxb6722brbhszf756ypzou5btq