Getting Started in Elementary School: Cognitive Competence, Social Skills, Behavior, and Stress

Marta Regina Gonçalves Correia-Zanini, Edna Maria Marturano
2016 Psico-USF  
The entry into elementary education - EE - represents an important transition in child development. The study aimed to assess stability and change in indicators of academic achievement, general intelligence, social skills, behavioral adjustment, and stress between the 1st, 2nd and 3rd year of EE. The participants were 151 children (79 boys), longitudinally evaluated using the Social Skills Rating System, Raven's Progressive Matrices, Provinha Brazil, Child Stress Scale and the School Stressors
more » ... e School Stressors Inventory. The results indicated at least moderate stability of the variables and a continuous increase in academic achievement. Girls showed better indicators of social skills and behavioral adjustment. Children showed more externalizing behaviors in the 1st year; more stress symptoms in the 2nd year; greater general intelligence, more academic social skills and fewer stress symptoms in the 3rd year. These trends suggest that the transition extends up to 2nd year, whereas developmental achievements are consolidated in the 3rd year.
doi:10.1590/1413-82712016210208 fatcat:x52vz4jz65gk7llb7fxxckxrcy