The relative age effect in FIFA U-17 World Cup: The role of the playing position and the continent

2020 Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity  
The aim of this study was to examine the relative age effect of the countries which attended the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup and to research the relative age effect in terms of continents and the players' position. Material and methods: 504 male football players from 24 countries which participated in the U-17 World Cup in India in 2017 were included in the study. Football players' dates of birth were grouped into periods of three months in quarter years (Q): Q1 – January-March, Q2 – April-June,
more » ... – July-September, Q4 – October-December. To study the sub-group differences of the relative age effect, meaningful chi-square (χ²) values were followed by calculating the odds ratio and %95 confidence intervals. To determine the effect size, Cramer's V was used. Results: The relative age effect was based on quarter years' distributions. Significant differences were found among age quartiles for all teams in FIFA U-17 World Cup. However, when the variables analysed were according to the continents, the relative age effect disappeared in Africa, Asia and Oceania. Conclusions: In the comparison of the players' continents, a relative age effect was observed in Europe, North America, and South America. When the players' positions are compared, a relative age effect was found in defenders, midfielders and forward players.
doi:10.29359/bjhpa.12.2.02 doaj:5eaa33c463fb4fd2b07413f0c83aab87 fatcat:lyygdmh5m5g6vplhrx4hq3mzyu