NMR and isotopic exchange studies of the site of bond cleavage in the MutT reaction

D J Weber, S K Bhatnagar, L C Bullions, M J Bessman, A S Mildvan
1992 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The MutT protein, which prevents AT----CG transversions during DNA replication, hydrolyzes nucleoside triphosphates to yield nucleoside monophosphates and pyrophosphate. The hydrolysis of dGTP by the MutT protein in H(2)18O-enriched water, when monitored by high resolution 31P NMR spectroscopy at 242.9 MHz, showed 18O labeling of the pyrophosphate product, as manifested by a 0.010 +/- 0.002 ppm upfield shift of the pyrophosphate resonance, and no labeling of the dGMP product. This establishes
more » ... at the reaction proceeds via a nucleophilic substitution at the beta-phosphorus of dGTP with displacement of dGMP as the leaving group. No exchange of 32P-labeled dGMP into dGTP was detected, indicating that water attacks dGTP directly or, less likely, an irreversibly formed pyrophosphoryl-enzyme intermediate. No exchange of 32P-labeled pyrophosphate into dGTP was observed, consistent with nucleophilic substitution at the beta-phosphorus of dGTP. Only six enzymes, all synthetases, have previously been shown to catalyze nucleophilic substitution at the beta-phosphorus of nucleoside triphosphate substrates. The MutT protein is the first hydrolase shown to do so.
pmid:1324915 fatcat:r5zwzzjh75fjbphr3q362fdkei