COJ= 6-5 Observations of TW Hydrae with the Submillimeter Array

Chunhua Qi, David J. Wilner, Nuria Calvet, Tyler L. Bourke, Geoffrey A. Blake, Michiel R. Hogerheijde, Paul T. P. Ho, Edwin Bergin
2006 Astrophysical Journal  
We present the first images of the 691.473 GHz CO J=6-5 line in a protoplanetary disk, obtained along with the 690 GHz dust continuum, toward the classical T Tauri star TW Hya using the Submillimeter Array. Imaging in the CO J=6-5 line reveals a rotating disk, consistent with previous observations of CO J=3-2 and 2-1 lines. Using an irradiated accretion disk model and 2D Monte Carlo radiative transfer, we find that additional surface heating is needed to fit simultaneously the absolute and
more » ... e absolute and relative intensities of the CO J=6-5, 3-2 and 2-1 lines. In particular, the vertical gas temperature gradient in the disk must be steeper than that of the dust, mostly likely because the CO emission lines probe nearer to the surface of the disk. We have used an idealized X-ray heating model to fit the line profiles of CO J=2-1 and 3-2 with Chi-square analysis, and the prediction of this model yields CO J=6-5 emission consistent with the observations.
doi:10.1086/500241 fatcat:vf7tru6p7zbpto7j4ls7kokhxq