Smart Sensor Based on Biofeedback to Measure Child Relaxation in Out-of-Home Care

Daniel Jaramillo-Quintanar, Irving A. Cruz-Albarran, Veronica M. Guzman-Sandoval, Luis A. Morales-Hernandez
2020 Sensors  
Children from out-of-home care are a vulnerable population that faces high stress and anxiety levels due to stressful experiences, such as being abused, being raped, and violence. This problem could have negative effects on their bio-psycho-social well-being if they are not provided with comprehensive psychological treatment. Numerous methods have been developed to help them relax, but there are no current approaches for assessing the relaxation level they reach. Based on this, a novel smart
more » ... s, a novel smart sensor that can evaluate the level of relaxation a child experiences is developed in this paper. It evaluates changes in thermal biomarkers (forehead, right and left cheek, chin, and maxillary) and heart rate (HR). Then, through a k-nearest neighbors (K-NN) intelligent classifier, four possible levels of relaxation can be obtained: no-relax, low-relax, relax, and very-relax. Additionally, an application (called i-CARE) for anxiety management, which is based on biofeedback diaphragmatic breathing, guided imagery, and video games, is evaluated. After testing the developed smart sensor, an 89.7% accuracy is obtained. The smart sensor used provides a reliable measurement of relaxation levels and the i-CARE application is effective for anxiety management, both of which are focused on children exposed to out-of-home care conditions.
doi:10.3390/s20154194 pmid:32731523 fatcat:rzlyu6kq2zgktb44jrx5vkh4si