The prediction of the percentage of tattoo ink that is able to penetrate the stratum corneum in different races

Piotr Brzezinski, Lorenzo Martini
2019 Nasza Dermatologia Online  
Tattoos have always had an important role in ritual and tradition. Material and Methods: We have decided to scrutinize how much inks generally used by tattooists are able to penetrate the stratum corneum of the epidermis, keeping on account that it is always better pigments and carriers that constitute the ink do not penetrate deeper into the dermis, as ink can carry inside the human body bacteria and heavy metals or organic compounds too often very perilous to health. To examine this peculiar
more » ... oncern we have determined the percentage of seven common inks,employed by tattooists, that is able to link to the dead keratin of the stratum corneum of white,black and Asian individuals. We have collected samples of calluses of thee subjects, (black,white and Asiatic persons) praying an operator of an atelier of pedicure to give us fresh and just cut off calluses from different women and men. Results: Generally it can be asserted that the major penetration into the stratum corneum of the ink is observed in Asiatic persons, followed by White individuals and finally by Black subjects. Conclusion: The uptake increases according to the colours of the rainbow. Violet uptake by keratin of Stratum Corneum is minimum and Red uptake is maximum.
doi:10.7241/ourd.20184.5 fatcat:nvhcu5twrfh5rgvg5ilsqdls3a