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This paper first argues that a conflict between groups can be lessened by the explicit affirmation by one group of the other group's identity, including its past pain, defeats and collective losses, when appropriate. A model of group affirmation is then proposed, consisting of: Leadership, Recognition, Validation and the Transparency of Future Time. The groups involved can be ethnic or national in scope. This model is defined in terms of another possible ARIA model to be added to the onedoi:10.46743/1082-7307/2003.1033 fatcat:xcdhjfphzjaxlgj7gcivcou27e