Silver Recovery from Spent Silver Oxide Button Cell by Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Zeferino Gamiño-Arroyo, Antonio Tapia-Cisneros, Osvaldo M. Zamacona-Saucedo, Irene Cano-Rodríguez, Alberto F. Aguilera-Alvarado, Lorena E. Sánchez-Cadena, Fernando I. Gómez-Castro
2015 Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering  
Button cell batteries are used in clocks, thermometers, remote controls, toys and other devices, and they are usually discarded in the trash once its useful life is over. Some models of these batteries contain silver oxide. In this paper we propose liquid-liquid extraction as separation process to recover the metal. First, silver determination is performed in different models of these batteries and leaching with nitric acid is carried out. Affinity study is done between several commercial
more » ... tants for silver. The best performing extractant is the bis(2-ethylhexyl) dithiophosphoric acid (D2EHDTPA). Furthermore, a study of the extraction yields as a function of extractant concentration and time is performed. The distribution isotherm is determined; complex extracted in organic phase and stripping conditions have been identified. With the aim of obtaining industrial application, a number of steps for a countercurrent process were defined by the McCabe-Thiele method. Finally, a study was done in micropilot scale. The results show that it is possible to recover silver from this type of waste.
doi:10.4236/msce.2015.37020 fatcat:xifxy4ogzrbmvevtso6ocntngu