Investigation on insulation properties of HFO‐1336mzz(E) and N 2 /CO 2 mixtures as SF 6 substitutes in gas‐insulated electrical applications

Zhanyang Gao, Yunbai Luo, Ruichao Peng, Xiaoxiao Wang, Ping Yu, Wenjun Zhou
2021 High Voltage  
The emissions of SF 6 have been restricted owing to 3400 years of atmospheric lifetime and high global warming potential (GWP) as an insulating gas in gas-insulated electrical equipment. In this study, HFO-1336mzz(E) and N 2 /CO 2 mixtures are proposed as SF 6 substitutes for their short atmospheric lifetime, low GWP and superior insulation performance. The GWP of HFO-1336mzz(E) is only 18 and its atmospheric lifetime is days to weeks. The breakdown voltage of 15% HFO-1336mzz(E) and N 2 /CO 2
more » ... xtures is nearly equal to that of pure SF 6 under alternating current. The self-recovery ability of HFO-1336mzz(E) and CO 2 mixtures is superior to that of HFO-1336mzz(E) and N 2 mixtures. The decomposition characteristic of HFO-1336mzz(E) shows that a tiny amount of its gas might initiate a carbonisation reaction to form carbon after multiple breakdown tests, which is verified by observations using energy dispersive X-rays spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope. The acute toxicity test of HFO-1336mzz(E) indicates that the gas is non-toxic. The results show that HFO-1336mzz(E) and N 2 /CO 2 mixtures are potential substitutes for SF 6 in electrical applications.
doi:10.1049/hve2.12181 fatcat:rg5laqvgz5dptkb4myhw5wmini