Notes and News [stub]

1884 Science  
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more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. 138 SCIE NOTES AV D NEWS. THE death of Professo Ercolani on Nov. 16, 1883, at Bologna, inflicts a sever[: loss upon Italy; for he was distinguished both as a sct cant and a patriot. Count Giovanne Battista Ercola ai was born in Bologna in 1819, and descended from an ancient patrician family. He was a favorite pi pil of Antonio Alessandri, and early devoted himself to comparative anatomy and pathology. During tl e revolutionary movement, which swept over Europe in 1849, he was an ardent defender of Italian libert, with the result of becoming an exile. He sought refuge in the near city of Turin, and there was appo nted professor, afterwards director, of the veterinary school connected with the unliversity. He remained in Turin until 1863, when he returned to Bologna o accept a similar position in the old university of th t city. By his energy and influence, new buildings c eere erected, the school reorganized and greatly enl; rged, and a valuable pathological museum establisl ed. For several years he held the position of recto of the university, and for a considerable period w:s permanent secretary of the Academy of science o i the Institute of Bologna. Like Virchow, he was alst. a patriot. His reputation was not alone that of a t; acher and savant; but his early career as a defehder f popular rights made him a favorite with the citizen;, and he was three times elected and served in th3 national parliament at Rome. His numerous publicati ns have contained the results of investigations male for the most part with the microscope, and have secured a wide reputation to liis name. Most of his c )ntributions first appeared in the memoirs of the A( cademia di Bologna. His works show ability both as i n observer and a draughtsman, and a tendency to ;ouch upon general problems; but his arguments a; e not always clear, nor his observations sufficiently i omplete to establish his general theorems. He wa; an enthusiastic, careful, and industrious investiga or, of whom Italy was justly proud. His most extensive seri s of researches was upon the histology of the place ita, which led him to the conclusion that the lining membrane of the uterus degenerates, the placental membrane being a new formation, the lining being reformed afterwards from the uterine glands. This is not in accord with the views generally held at pr ;sent. His single law of embryonic nutrition in vert )brates can hardly be considered novel, and is vag ie rather than profound. But the details recorded i these researches are of great value and interest. These memoirs, together with some additions supp ied by the author, were translated into English, an I published at Boston in 1880, under the direction oi an enthusiastic admirer, Dr. H. 0. Marcy. His studies covered a wid range, -zo5logy, histology, and pathology were a l included; but his most valuable work lay in th< field of microscopical anatomy. His career has ieen justly admired, and his memory will long be cl erished by his countrymen.
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