The Emerging Function of PKCtheta in Cancer

Amandine Nicolle, Ye Zhang, Karine Belguise
2021 Biomolecules  
Protein Kinase C theta (PKCθ) is a serine/threonine kinase that belongs to the novel PKC subfamily. In normal tissue, its expression is restricted to skeletal muscle cells, platelets and T lymphocytes in which PKCθ controls several essential cellular processes such as survival, proliferation and differentiation. Particularly, PKCθ has been extensively studied for its role in the immune system where its translocation to the immunological synapse plays a critical role in T cell activation. Beyond
more » ... activation. Beyond its physiological role in immune responses, increasing evidence implicates PKCθ in the pathology of various diseases, especially autoimmune disorders and cancers. In this review, we discuss the implication of PKCθ in various types of cancers and the PKCθ-mediated signaling events controlling cancer initiation and progression. In these types of cancers, the high PKCθ expression leads to aberrant cell proliferation, migration and invasion resulting in malignant phenotype. The recent development and application of PKCθ inhibitors in the context of autoimmune diseases could benefit the emergence of treatment for cancers in which PKCθ has been implicated.
doi:10.3390/biom11020221 pmid:33562506 fatcat:36y64h436nb45gnmpb5bcuye7a