Substrate channeling of oxalacetate in solid-state complexes of malate dehydrogenase and citrate synthase
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Current evidence suggests that mitochondrial matrix enzymes exist in solid-state, multienzyme complexes in vivo. Addition of polyethylene glycol to a solution containing malate dehydrogenase and citrate synthase generates such a solid-state, enzyme complex in vitro at enzyme concentrations permitting kinetic measurements. Suspensions of the isolated, solid-state, hetero-complex of these enzymes were used to study the coupled reactions of citrate synthesis from malate, NAD, and CoASAc. The
... d CoASAc. The particles appear to be about 1 microgram in diameter. Considering the ratio of enzyme to oxalacetate molecules in or at the surface of the solid-state particles, one would expect oxalacetate to be converted to citrate within a few molecular distances of the site of oxalacetate generation. This model of "substrate channeling" (or alternatively a direct transfer of oxalacetate between enzymes) is supported by experiments with excess aspartate aminotransferase and glutamate added to the solution phase to give a reaction competing with the synthase for bulk phase oxalacetate. Quantities of aminotransferase that reduce the citrate reaction rate with soluble dehydrogenase and synthase by 90% do not significantly affect rates with comparable amounts of the dehydrogenase-synthase complex. We suggest that similar substrate channeling can occur in vivo and discuss the possible advantages provided thereby.