Provocation of a Paradoxical Growth Hormone Response to Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone by Pretreatment with Metoclopramide in Patients with Acromegaly and Normal Subjects

SEIKOH NISHIDA, MICHIHIRO MATSUKI, NORIKO ADACHI, MASAHARU HORINO, KOU TSUSHIMA, MASAYA YONEDA, HIDEKI OYAMA, RYOICHI OTSUKA, MASAHISA KIKUOKA, YOUSUKE OGAWA, RYOJI ISHII
1988 Endocrinologia Japonica  
Two of 7 patients with acromegaly and one of 7 normal subjects exhibited a paradoxical rise in growth hormone (GH) to human corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) when pretreated with metoclopramide, although CRH alone did not induce an increase in GH. In one of these two patients with acromegaly, the GH increase to metoclopramide alone also reached the criteria of a paradoxical response. These two acromegalic patients showed a GH increase to metoclopramide pretreatment before and up to two
more » ... and up to two months after surgery. In another acromegalic patient, whose GH level remained high 5 months after surgery, metoclopramide induced an increase in GH level, while in a patient who had an above-normal GH level 18 months after surgery, the resumption of physiological GH secretion after surgery was evidenced by a postoperative absence of a GH response to metoclopramide. It is suggested from these results that the GH response to metoclopramide and the metoclopramideprovoked GH response to CRH in patients with acromegaly result from the secretion of GH from nonadenomatous cells of the pituitary.
doi:10.1507/endocrj1954.35.783 pmid:3266935 fatcat:mddk4ivrajddljlfwezhbno634