An Investigation of AIDS-related Knowledge-Attitude-Practice and Analysis of Influencing Factors Among Students in China
Background: With the increasing number of HIV infected students in China, it is necessary to investigate AIDS-related knowledge-attitude-practice among students, which is helpful to formulate effective AIDS health education measures for students.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with students aged 15-24 years. University college students (n=1,744) were surveyed with a sampling in western China. The data were collected from May to November 2019 through both face-to-face and online
... o-face and online survey. Data were analysed using logistic regression and multiple regression analysis.Results:A total of 1,744 questionnaires were included in the data analysis, including 890 females (51.0%), with a mean age of 19.43 (±1.27) years; 344 (19.7%) of students knew that the effective time for post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) was within 72 hours. The influencing factors of AIDS discrimination of students included gender, residential area, education and major; 235 (13.5%) students reported having had sex; 38 reported having had commercial or temporary sexual partners and most (n=31) of these were males; 131 (56.5%) students reported never or sometimes used condoms during sex.Conclusions: The awareness rate of AIDS among students in west China is low; especially the awareness rate of PEP is the lowest. Condom use is low among students, who look for sexual partners through the Internet; men are more likely than women to engage in risky sexual behavior. The results of this study show that AIDS knowledge is not sufficient to change the attitudes and behaviors of students. However, AIDS health education is an important means to prevent and control AIDS, and more contact to people living with HIV may help reduce AIDS discrimination.