Use of Palliative Radiotherapy Among Patients With Metastatic Non-small-cell Lung Cancer in Puerto Rico [post]

Valerie Quinones-Avila, Karen J. Ortiz-Ortiz, Ruth Ríos-Motta, Heriberto Marín-Centeno, Guillermo Tortolero-Luna
2021 unpublished
Background: Palliative radiotherapy (RT) represents an important treatment opportunity for improving the quality of life in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients through the management of symptoms within the course of the illness. This study examines the patient and clinical factors associated with palliative RT use among metastatic NSCLC patients in Puerto Rico. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using secondary data analysis from 2009-2015 from the Puerto
more » ... Central Cancer Registry–Health Insurance Linkage Database (PRCCR-HILD). A logistic regression model was used to examine factors associated with palliative RT. Results: Among the 929 patients identified with metastatic NSCLC, 33.80% received palliative RT within the first year after diagnosis. After adjusting for other covariates, receipt of chemotherapy (ORAdj = 3.90; 95% CI = 2.91-5.45; P < 0.001) and presence of symptoms (ORAdj =1.41; 95% CI =1.00-1.98; P = 0.045) were associated with increased odds of palliative RT use. Although marginally significant, patients with private health insurance had increased odds of palliative RT use (ORAdj = 1.50; 95% CI = 0.98-2.29; P = 0.061) when compared to beneficiaries of Medicaid, after adjusting by other covariates. Conclusions: The results of this study reveal concerning underuse of palliative RT among patients with metastatic NSCLC in Puerto Rico. Additional research is necessary to further understand the barriers to using palliative RT on the island.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:mjdsj6om6vfojiuwvjnq2gv6aq