R Trasolini, B Zhao, D Chahal, E Lam
2020 Journal of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology  
Background Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an advanced resection technique for large gastrointestinal lesions. ESD was developed in Japan and is popular in countries with gastric cancer screening and a high incidence of gastric cancer. ESD has benefits over endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) such as increased complete resection, en bloc resection and lower recurrence. However, ESD is a longer procedure and is difficult to master in countries with low incidence of early gastric
more » ... a which is the ideal anatomic location for learning. There is increasing interest in using ESD techniques including hybrid ESD/EMR in western centers. Barriers include procedure time, perforation risk and challenges accumulating sufficient experience. Aims To present our experience implementing an ESD program in British Columbia including outcomes and logistical considerations of interest. Methods All ESD procedures since implementation of the program in May 2015 to July 2019 were included. Descriptive statistics and performance indicators over time are reported. All procedures were performed by a staff endoscopist after specialized training. Procedures were performed at two hospitals in British Columbia. Cases were referred from endoscopists and were assessed with dedicated endoscopy with or without endoscopic ultrasound prior to booking ESD. Results 40 procedures were performed, though only one procedure was performed in the first year (Mean age 70, 67.5% male). ASA class ranged from 1–4 (mean 2.08). 22 lesions were gastric, 13 were rectal, with the remainder throughout the colon. Mean lesion size was 25mm in maximum dimension (interquartile range 15-30mm). 18 procedures were performed under general anesthesia and the remainder using procedural sedation. Total surgical time ranged from 22 to 398 minutes. Mean surgical time was 104 minutes, or 126 minutes including anesthesia. 50% of procedures were performed using hybrid ESD/EMR technique. R0 resection rate across all cases was 68% (60% for hybrid procedures, 80% for strict ESD). En bloc resection rate was 60%. Recurrence rate was 10%. Complication rate was 7.5% all were post-procedure bleeds requiring hospitalization. No perforations occurred. 3 patients required surgery for incomplete resection or invasive cancer on pathology, 3 required repeat endoscopic resection. Surgical time per cm of lesion improved significantly from the first 10 cases to the last 10 (time per cm resected 75 min to 32 min p<0.006). Conclusions ESD is an effective therapy for GI neoplasia. ESD is feasible in a Canadian setting. Hybrid techniques tend to be faster though at the expense of R0 resection. Patient centered outcomes in this sample are favorable and comparable to large ESD series. Monitoring of ESD quality is critical for comparison with standard of care as experience with ESD in Canada grows. Funding Agencies None
doi:10.1093/jcag/gwz047.088 fatcat:wfwqcenjyrfp3bs6hfogkih7xa