IVAN BUNIN: PEERING INTO FACES (RUSSIA THE DAY BEFORE AND AFTER OCTOBER)
РОССИЯ НАКАНУНЕ И ПОСЛЕ ОКТЯБРЯ. СТАТЬЯ ПЕРВАЯ. ИВАН БУНИН: ВГЛЯДЫВАЯСЬ В ЛИЦА

Sergey A. Nikolsky, Institute of philosophy of Russian academy of sceinsies
2020 Verhnevolzhski Philological Bulletin  
The purpose of the article is an attempt to study how the writer-philosopher Ivan Bunin saw the Russian person and Russia itself on the eve and after October, 1917. For this purpose, the author analyzed important features characteristic of a number of works of Bunin's artistic philosophy, which are concentrated in the journalistic essays «The Damned Days», the story «Village» and the autobiographical novel «Life of Arsenyev». In the article, Bunin's method of analysis is compared with the
more » ... ared with the methods of analysis of his contemporaries – Anton Chekhov, Maxim Gorky and Andrei Platonov with Bunin's analysis: the manner of seeing a particular person is compared with the Chekhov's manner of a benevolent sad observer, confident in the inevitable immutability of what is happening, Gorky's sympathetic empathy for the persecuted, combined with an undisguised hatred of the persecutors, as well as a number of writing tools characteristic of Platonov's realistic phantasmagoria. It is shown that Bunin's manner of philosophical and artistic reflection, still poorly studied, allows the reflecting reader not only to see the characteristic human features usually hidden behind external actions, but also to perceive the writer's assessments and deep philosophical meanings reflected in them. Bunin's special writing style is not only a product of literary methodology. It is a unique way of perception and analysis of the surrounding world materialized in philosophical and artistic works, characteristic of a rare social type of artist – an aristocrat who valued honor and nobility above all else in Russian literature and disappeared after October, 1917.
doi:10.20323/2499-9679-2020-3-22-182-188 fatcat:qdyhmmvzxfhmzief6lzphjjjmm