An Investigation of a Hybrid Plasma Gasification System for Various Waste Plastics Thermochemical Degradation in the Fuel Extraction Process

Akhilesh Kumar Dewangan, Isham Panigrahi, R. K. Paramguru
2022 Nature Environment and Pollution Technology  
Organic junk contamination is one of the serious environmental concerns throughout today's world. Heavy usage of throwaway plastics devastates nature by obstructing rainwater drainage. From constant exposure to sunlight and warmth, plastics release hazardous gasses into the atmosphere. To reflect the vastly increased amount of various waste plastics, a scaled hybrid plasma gasification reactor is being introduced, which uses an advanced pyrolysis process to break down the plastic waste. The
more » ... gn is simple, transportable, easy to handle, and required very little repair work on long-period usage. Thermochemical investigations are carried out at temperatures ranging from 400 to 600 degrees Celsius, with heating rates ranging from 15 to 22 degrees Celsius per minute, yielding 76-88 percent pyrolysis oil, 10-23 percent syngas, and 4-15 percent chars as besides. It occurs when the molecular architecture of polymers is separated, resulting in the creation of Synthesis gas, which is then condensed into synthesis petroleum fuel. The highest yielding of oil utilizes gas and solid char is determined at 550oC, 600oC, and 450oC respectively, according to the computed pyrolysis kinetic parameter on oil recovery from various waste plastics. The mono-graphic analysis is also used to classify different waste residual char. The model reduces the volume of waste plastic by 89.2%, lowering the detrimental impacts on all living things while simultaneously producing a synthesis of petroleum fuel as a by-product that may be utilized as a replacement or addition to traditional fuel.
doi:10.46488/nept.2022.v21i03.015 fatcat:4aerc2vmkbeb5az3otuwhvd3ry