An Improved Calibration Method for the IMU Biases Utilizing KF-Based AdaGrad Algorithm

Zeyang Wen, Gongliu Yang, Qingzhong Cai
2021 Sensors  
In the field of high accuracy strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS), the inertial measurement unit (IMU) biases can severely affect the navigation accuracy. Traditionally we use Kalman filter (KF) to estimate those biases. However, KF is an unbiased estimation method based on the assumption of Gaussian white noise (GWN) while IMU sensors noise is irregular. Kalman filtering will no longer be accurate when the sensor's noise is irregular. In order to obtain the optimal solution of the IMU
more » ... iases, this paper proposes a novel method for the calibration of IMU biases utilizing the KF-based AdaGrad algorithm to solve this problem. Three improvements were made as the following: (1) The adaptive subgradient method (AdaGrad) is proposed to overcome the difficulty of setting step size. (2) A KF-based AdaGrad numerical function is derived and (3) a KF-based AdaGrad calibration algorithm is proposed in this paper. Experimental results show that the method proposed in this paper can effectively improve the accuracy of IMU biases in both static tests and car-mounted field tests.
doi:10.3390/s21155055 fatcat:57otj2mue5b5jdw6esbvsojfsi