Radiomics and Machine Learning for Detecting Scar Tissue on CT Delayed Enhancement Imaging

Hugh O'Brien, Michelle C. Williams, Ronak Rajani, Steven Niederer
2022 Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine  
BackgroundDelayed enhancement CT (CT-DE) has been evaluated as a tool for the detection of myocardial scar and compares well to the gold standard of MRI with late gadolinium enhancement (MRI-LGE). Prior work has established that high performance can be achieved with manual reading; however, few studies have looked at quantitative measures to differentiate scar and healthy myocardium on CT-DE or automated analysis.MethodsEighteen patients with clinically indicated MRI-LGE were recruited for
more » ... at multiple 80 and 100 kV post contrast imaging. Left ventricle segmentation was performed on both imaging modalities, along with scar segmentation on MRI-LGE. Segmentations were registered together and scar regions were estimated on CT-DE. 93 radiomic features were calculated and analysed for their ability to differentiate between scarred and non-scarred myocardium regions. Machine learning (ML) classifiers were trained using the strongest set of radiomic features to classify segments containing scar on CT-DE. Features and classifiers were compared across both tube voltages and combined-energy images.ResultsThere were 59 and 51 statistically significant features in the 80 and 100 kV images respectively. Combined-energy imaging increased this to 63 with more features having area under the curve (AUC) above 0.9. The 10 highest AUC features for each image were used in the ML classifiers. The 100 kV images produced the best ML classifier, a support vector machine with an AUC of 0.88 (95% CI 0.87–0.90). Comparable performance was achieved with both the 80 kV and combined-energy images.ConclusionsCT-DE can be quantitatively analyzed using radiomic feature calculations. These features may be suitable for ML classification techniques to prospectively identify AHA segments with performance comparable to previously reported manual reading. Future work on larger CT-DE datasets is warranted to establish optimum imaging parameters and features.
doi:10.3389/fcvm.2022.847825 pmid:35647044 pmcid:PMC9133416 fatcat:6maqkvnxa5dfhbzdf6ljx6uui4