Extracellular CIRP Activates the IL-6Rα/STAT3/Cdk5 Pathway in Neurons [post]

Archna Sharma, Max Brenner, Asha Jacob, Philippe Marambaud, Ping Wang
2021 unpublished
Extracellular cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (eCIRP) stimulates microglial inflammation causing neuronal damage during ischemic stroke and is a critical mediator of alcohol-induced cognitive impairment. However, the precise role of eCIRP in mediating neuroinflammation remains unknown. In this study, we report that eCIRP activates neurotoxic cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (Cdk5)/p25 through the induction of IL-6Rα/STAT3 pathway in neurons. Amyloid b (Aβ)-mediated neuronal stress, which is
more » ... ed with Alzheimer's disease, increased levels of eCIRP released from BV2 microglial cells. The released eCIRP levels from BV2 cells increased 3.2-fold upon stimulation with conditioned medium from Neuro-2a (N2a) cells containing Aβ compared to control N2a supernatant in a time-dependent manner. Stimulation of N2a cells and primary neurons with eCIRP upregulated the neuronal Cdk5 activator p25 expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. eCIRP directly induced neuronal STAT3 phosphorylation and p25 increase via its novel receptor IL-6Rα. Next, we showed using surface plasmon resonance that eCIRP-derived peptide C23 inhibited the binding of eCIRP to IL-6Rα at 25 mM, with a 40-fold increase in equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) value (from 8.08 x 10-8 M to 3.43 x 10-6 M), and completely abrogated the binding at 50 mM. Finally, C23 reversed the eCIRP-induced increase in neuronal STAT3 phosphorylation and p25 levels. In conclusion, the current study demonstrates that upregulation of neuronal IL-6Rα/STAT3/Cdk5 pathway is a key mechanism of eCIRP's role in neuroinflammation and that C23 as a potent inhibitor of this pathway, has translational potential in neurodegenerative pathologies controlled by eCIRP.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-212093/v1 fatcat:pwu45bd5ozgzdhf2veci4of6he