Growing a Brain: Fine-Tuning by Increasing Model Capacity

Yu-Xiong Wang, Deva Ramanan, Martial Hebert
2017 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)  
CNNs have made an undeniable impact on computer vision through the ability to learn high-capacity models with large annotated training sets. One of their remarkable properties is the ability to transfer knowledge from a large source dataset to a (typically smaller) target dataset. This is usually accomplished through fine-tuning a fixed-size network on new target data. Indeed, virtually every contemporary visual recognition system makes use of fine-tuning to transfer knowledge from ImageNet. In
more » ... e from ImageNet. In this work, we analyze what components and parameters change during finetuning, and discover that increasing model capacity allows for more natural model adaptation through fine-tuning. By making an analogy to developmental learning, we demonstrate that "growing" a CNN with additional units, either by widening existing layers or deepening the overall network, significantly outperforms classic fine-tuning approaches. But in order to properly grow a network, we show that newly-added units must be appropriately normalized to allow for a pace of learning that is consistent with existing units. We empirically validate our approach on several benchmark datasets, producing state-of-the-art results.
doi:10.1109/cvpr.2017.323 dblp:conf/cvpr/WangRH17 fatcat:xvmwcemhjjbf7aqsyxkdem756m