Challenges of the Polarimetric Update on Operational Radars in China—Ground Clutter Contamination of Weather Radar Observations

Chong Wu, Liping Liu, Chao Chen, Chian Zhang, Guangxin He, Juan Li
2021 Remote Sensing  
China New Generation Doppler Weather Radar (CINRAD) plans to upgrade its hardware and software to achieve polarimetric function. However, the small-magnitude polarimetric measurements were negatively affected by the scattering characteristics of ground clutter and the filter's response to the ground clutter. This polarimetric contamination was characterized by decreased differential reflectivity (ZDR) and cross-correlation coefficient (ρhv), as well as an increased standard deviation of the
more » ... eviation of the differential phase (ΦDP), generating a large-area and long-term observational anomaly for eight polarimetric radars in South China. Considering that outliers simultaneously appeared in the radar mainlobe and sidelobe, the variations in the reflectivity before and after clutter mitigation (ΔZH) and ρhv were used for quantitatively describing the random dispersion caused by mainlobe and sidelobe clutters. The performance of polarimetric algorithms was also reduced by clutter contamination. The deteriorated membership functions in the hydrometeor classification algorithm changed the proportion of classified echoes. The empirical relations of R(ZH, ZDR) and R(KDP) were broken in the quantitative precipitation estimation algorithm and the extra error considerably exceeded the uncertainty caused by the drop-size distribution (DSD) variability of R(ZH). The above results highlighted the negative impact of clutter contamination on polarimetric applications that need to be further investigated.
doi:10.3390/rs13020217 fatcat:o6w2wysdufhh7farvgbjxuvife