Geological structure of the Karabash ore district (Southern Urals)
Research subject. The Karabash ore district is a unique structural zone in the Ural folded system, formed at the joint of the Magnitogorsk and Tagil depressions. The uniqueness of this zone is associated with its specific formation conditions: a Paleozoic copper pyrite belt with a width of about 8 km was squeezed between two blocks of ancient metamorphic rocks. This zone features a classic copper-pyrite deposit represented by steeply dipping ore bodies, which were initially characterized by a
... ntle dip. Elucidation of the primary geological structure and tectonic evolution of the district presents a relevant research task.Materials and methods. A geological cross section of the Karabash district was studied. Particular attention was paid to interactions between Paleozoic volcanic and sedimentary rocks and ultramafic bodies, whose age was determined by the method of zircon U–Pb dating.Results. The age of ultramafic bodies in the Karabash district was found to be 430–440 million years. Serpentinite blend (mélange) zones having a width of 60m were discovered in the sites of contact between ultramafites and host rocks. Regularities in the location of these zones in the eastern and western parts of the district make them suitable horizon markers for constructing a geological cross section of the Karabash ore district.Conclusions. It is established that the Karabash district is represented by a monocline synclinal fold formed by contraction of primary horizontal layers in the direction from east to west. The formation of the Zolotaya Gora golden deposit located in the eastern limb of the synclinal fold was associated with tectonic contraction processes.