Pharmacogenomics of chemotherapy induced cognitive dysfunction [thesis]

Rowan Fahad Ibrahim AlEjielat
Cognitive decline is increasingly recognized as a side effect of chemotherapy. However, cognitive decline doesn't occur in all patients receiving chemotherapy, and there is variability in the cognitive domains affected (Ahles; JCO,Oct 20, 2012:3675-3686). Safety pharmacogenomics, i.e. using genetic variations to predict response/toxicity, offers an exciting approach to identify the subset of patients most likely to suffer from cognitive decline post chemotherapy. Consequently specific
more » ... c interventions can be developed to target this group of patients, and/or alternate chemotherapeutic regimens can be used to limit toxicity, thereby offering a way to individualize therapy while minimizing toxicity. In our research we studied the effect of 16 SNPs in 6 genes on cognition in a sample of healthy older adults. We found that SNPs that affect serotonin, dopamine and glutamate levels in the brain influence cognition in a healthy sample of older adults, possibly in a domain specific manner. This allowed us to identify a group of healthy adults who inherently have lower cognitive functioning in some domains but that is still within the normal range. In addition individuals with SNPs that previously were associated with lower levels of myeloperoxidase performed better on the executive functions, verbal memory, verbal IQ and IQ. SNPs associated with lower levels were also associated with improvement in self reported verbal and visual memory post chemotherapy. APOE E2 allele was associated with higher cognitive performance compared to other alleles. However we didn't see an effect of APOE post chemotherapy. In chapter five, the effects of 31 SNPs in 15 genes on cognition post chemotherapy were evaluated in community dwelling lymphoma patients. Changes in the domains of verbal memory, visual perceptual memory, and attention of the Multiple Ability Self Report Questionnaire were observed following chemotherapy, but only when groups were stratified by genotype. Contrary to what we might expect, patients showed Abstract Approved: ____________________________________ Thesis Supervisor ____________________________________
doi:10.17077/etd.n7km95tr fatcat:6v6bnyczqvgqpmzhjbhnccpbre